A Beautiful Mind The Life of Mathematical Genius and Nobel

A Beautiful Mind The Life of Mathematical Genius and Nobel Laureate John Nash A vingt et un ans John Forbes Nash jeune mathématicien de Princeton né en 1928 dans les montagnes de Virginie révolutionne la théorie des jeux Il n'a pas encore trente ans lorsue professeur au MIT il résout une série de problèmes jugés «impossibles» entrant ainsi au panthéon des mathématiues Admis à l'Institut des études avancées aussi excentriue dans son travail ue dans sa vie privée il se permet d'interroger le vieil Einstein sur ses théories Mais Nash devient schizophrène Atteint d'hallucinations obsédé de numérologie il croit ue des extraterrestres veulent entrer en contact avec lui se prend pour un messie Pendant trente ans il ira d'hôpital en hôpital hantant les couloirs de Princeton entre deux crises Jusu'à la fin des années 80 où il retrouve miraculeusement la raison reprend ses travaux scientifiues et reçoit en 1994 le prix Nobel d'économie Ce livre retrace le destin extraordinaire d'un des génies les plus originaux du siècle Une aventure intellectuelle et humaine souvent dramatiue mais jamais tout à fait désespérée u'éclaire la lumineuse figure d'Alicia la femme de John NashSylvia Nasar est journaliste au New York Times Ce livre pour leuel elle a interrogé des centaines de témoins amis et collègues de John Nash et consulté des milliers de documents lui a valu le National Book Critic Circle Award This biography was the basis for the popular film A Beautiful Mind a few years ago It's the fascinating story of an arrogant young mathematician who began his career with genius level work in mathetmatics succumbed to paranoid schizophrenia in his thirties and ultimately experienced a remission in the late 80s and was awarded the Nobel Prize for his early work in game theoryReading about Nash's early life and the beginning of his career I couldn't help but notice that he was always rather an odd duck even before he became delusional and was diagnosed as schizophrenic I'm inclined to think that if he were a child now it's fairly likely he would be diagnosed as having Asperger's or something similar but that's just my uneducated opinion His way of relating to the world was always sufficiently different that it took a long time for many of his colleagues to realize that his eccentricities had morphed into delusions He was a genius he was expected to behave oddly and in some ways this both served as a measure of protection for him and also may have prevented him from getting help earlierI have to admit that I actually really disliked John Nash for a lot of the book Even when he was sane he was arrogant self absorbed and unkind He must have had some good ualities though other than his genius because what really saved him in the end was the willingness of his friends and family to stand by him and try to help him Again and again during his illness his colleagues arranged work for him smoothed over scandals caused by his odd behavior and assisted his wife and mother in providing him with care At times his friends were almost too caring not having the same intimate contact with Nash that his wife Alice did many of them believed he was not as ill as he actually was and were very upset when he was involuntarily committed The many points of view Nasar provides really bring home what it's like when someone succumbs to mental illness and the way it affects just about everyone the person comes into contact with like ripples in a pondNash's return to normality after years of delusional behavior is still something of a mystery to neuroscientists This is not something that often happens in schizophrenic patients which led some to posit that Nash may not have been schizophrenic after all Yet his behavior and experiences are much consistent with schizophrenia than with any of the other illnesses like biopolar disorder that have been suggested This leads to the conclusion that Nash is one of the lucky few who experience a near complete remission after years of illness I'd definitely recommend this biography to anyone with an interest in mathematics mental illness or who just likes a well written biography A Beautiful Mind A Biography of Johan Forbes Nash Sylvia NasarA Beautiful Mind 1998 is a biography of Nobel Prize winning economist and mathematician John Forbes Nash Jr by Sylvia Nasar professor of journalism at Columbia University An unauthorized work it won the National Book Critics Circle Award in 1998 and was nominated for the Pulitzer Prize in biography It inspired the 2001 film by the same nameتاریخ نخستین خوانش ماه فوریه سال 1999 میلادیعنوان یک ذهن زیبا؛ نوشته سیلویا ناسار؛ مترجم مهگونه قهرمان؛ مشخصات نشر تهران، عطایی، 1383، در 500ص، شابک 9643236256؛ موضوع سرگذشتنامه جان ناش، ریاضیدانان ایالات متحده امریکا، برندگان جایزه نوبل سده 20مدرباره ی فداکاری بسیار «آلیشیا»، همسر «جان نَش»، در رابطه با وی است و این در حالی است که این زوج در سال 1963میلادی از یکدیگر جدا شده و پس از هفت سال، مجدداً در سال 1970میلادی «آلیشیا» به «جان نَش» اجازه داده است تا در خانه وی زندگی کند، که این رابطه مطلقاً یک رابطه احساسی نبوده استنقل نمونه متن چطور توانستی؟تو چطور توانستی؟یک ریاضیدان، مردی که با دلیل و منطق سرو کار دارد چطور باور کردی که موجودات غیر زمینی برای تو پیام می فرستند؟ چگونه باور کردی که از سوی بیگانگان فضایی برای نجات بشر برگزیده شده ای؟ نش سرانجام سر بلند کردنگاهی خیره و سرد و بی احساس همچون نگاه مارزیرا؛ پایان نقلا شربیانی Highly recommended bookI loved the movieI've seenThenI had found it is based on a novelGreat storyHow a great scientist flows with his intellects wrapped in complex mindEpic dialogues and themeI'm thankful to read the book and watched the movie I read very few biographies so I have trouble evaluating this within its field That said I found it fascinating but a bit drier than I typically like my recreational nonfictionBut it is a fascinating and disturbing story Nash lived still is living I guess a really complicated life even aside from his illness Like many geniuses he was a difficult personality He apparently used to stand on the table in the middle of Princeton's math department grad student meetings and put down anybody who might challenge his intellect This naturally caused him certain social frictions but he was apparently forgiven a lot because of his genius And then when his schizophrenia struck he was protected further by colleagues who respected himAnd there was a lot of protecting going on For example when he pushed his pregnant wife down the stairs Bits that they leave out of shallow fantasized Hollywood treatments Or that he cheated on her Or the fact that he treated his son like a pariah Some of this is entangled with his illness of course but not all And a lot of the looking the other way happened before his illness was public knowledge It makes me reflect on the structure of society in general and academia specifically and what we regard as sufficient excuse for bad behavior I had a long rant on scientific academia here but I'm too tired to make it coherently now and this really isn't the best venueAs a math geek I wish there had been a bit about his math itself It's difficult I guess because most of what he worked on was extremely abstruse stuff even to someone who has studied a reasonable amount of mostly applied math I understand Nash euilibria but interestingly enough even though he won the Nobel for this idea he and the mathematical community generally felt that this was far from his most interesting and important contribution And that's probably the most accessible thing he worked on Which is probably why it was able to become important in economics circles His other works are so involved that I have trouble parsing the statement of the theorems let alone the proofsBut really this is the story of his life Like all of us he lived a complicated difficult life More complicated and difficult than many but still a very human life

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