The Tragedy of Othello The Moor of Venice PDF ☆ of

The Tragedy of Othello The Moor of Venice In Othello Shakespeare creates a powerful drama of a marriage that begins with fascination between the exotic Moor Othello and the Venetian lady Desdemona with elopement and with intense mutual devotion and that ends precipitately with jealous rage and violent deaths He sets this story in the romantic world of the Mediterranean moving the action from Venice to the island of Cyprus and giving it an even exotic coloring with stories of Othello's African past Shakespeare builds so many differences into his hero and heroine—differences of race of age of cultural background—that one should not perhaps be surprised that the marriage ends disastrously But most people who see or read the play feel that the love that the play presents between Othello and Desdemona is so strong that it would have overcome all these differences were it not for the words and actions of Othello's standard bearer Iago who hates Othello and sets out to destroy him by destroying his love for Desdemona As Othello succumbs to Iago's insinuations that Desdemona is unfaithful fascination—which dominates the early acts of the play—turns to horror especially for the audience We are confronted by spectacles of a generous and trusting Othello in the grip of Iago's schemes; of an innocent Desdemona who has given herself up entirely to her love for Othello only to be subjected to his horrifying verbal and physical assaults the outcome of Othello's mistaken convictions about her faithlessness Hands down the worst pillow fight in history Othello The Tragedy of Othello William ShakespeareOthello The Tragedy of Othello the Moor of Venice is a tragedy by William Shakespeare believed to have been written in 1603 It is based on the story Un Capitano Moro A Moorish Captain by Cinthio a disciple of Boccaccio first published in 1565 The story revolves around its two central characters Othello a Moorish general in the Venetian army and his unfaithful ensign Iago Given its varied and enduring themes of racism love jealousy betrayal revenge and repentance Othello is still often performed in professional and community theater alike and has been the source for numerous operatic film and literary adaptationsتاریخ نخستین خوانش ماه ژانویه سال 1974 میلادی، بار دوم روز دهم ماه ژوئن سال 2012 میلادیکتاب «اتللو با استفاده از اشعار نیما یوشیج»، اثر نمایشنامه نویس انگلیسی ویلیام شکسپیر است؛ که روانشاد عبدالحسین نوشین اثر شکسپیر را ترجمه کرده، و گاه برای ترجمه ی دیالوگها، از شعر نیما سود برده است نمایش‌نامه‌ ای عاشقانه و تراژیک است، که در سال‌ 1603 میلادی یا در سال 1604 میلادی نوشته شده‌ است این نمایشنامه بر اساس داستانی به نام «کاپیتان مغربی 1565 م»، نوشته ی سینسیو، نویسنده ی ایتالیایی، نگاشته شده‌ است در این نمایش‌نامه، شکسپیر، به مضمون خیانت در عشق می‌پردازد در این تراژدی، اُتِللو نام دیگرش «مغربی» است، شخصیت اصلی مرد داستان، که فرماندهی مغربی، در ارتش ونیز است، به تحریک یکی از زیردستانش، بنام «ایاگو»، به وفاداریِ همسر خود، «دِزدِمونا» شک می‌کند، و بی آنکه مسئله را با همسر خود در میان بگذارد، بی‌رحمانه او را می‌کُشد اما پس از قتل او، به بی‌گناهی همسر وفادارش پی می‌بَرَد، اما، بسیار دیر است؛ ا شربیانی “O beware my lord of jealousy;It is the green ey'd monster which doth mockThe meat it feeds on This famous uote made my 14 year old son reading Othello for the first time it was his first Shakespeare ever come into my room to complain He was deeply frustrated with the sweet tongue of the evil Iago speaking in one way and acting in another spreading fake news and rumours while pretending to be supportive and unselfish Iago is even worse than Uriah Heep he said referring to a controversy we had about David Copperfield some time ago I begin to believe that being 'umble is the most treacherous thing in the world hiding evil purposesI of course had to go back and reread Othello in a haste to be able to answer properly and I realised that my son has a point The truly honest people are not humble and do not claim to be They show their strengths weaknesses and intentions clearly and play with open cards only to lose to the characters they consider most 'onest for being so very 'umbleIt was interesting for me to see that my son reads Othello not so much as a passionate drama based on jealousy but rather as a political post truth play with the most wicked players on stage winning Shakespeare certainly put both jealousy and politics into the plot and young people who begin their path towards political understanding of the world now post 2016 feel strongly about the lying the manipulation the slander than about the unreasonable reaction to the suspicion of faithlessnessFor me reading Shakespeare with pleasure now than ever it is proof that his voice is universal and timeless and that he speaks to yet another generation of readers just like DickensUnfortunately we can't write our villains into prisons in the end like Dickens and Shakespeare Not trying to upset Proust or Joyce but these days it's Shakespeare who's been taking me to bed every night He's become part of my daily routine and his are my last conscious thoughts before departing to dreamland Granted it could be another playwriter or even a regular book All I need really are small chapters that I can finish uickly when slumber's tentacles start to wrap my body and their calming effects slowly soothe my mind But it's been Shakespeare and any insomniac who's recently found a new drug isn't willing to give it up that easily So Shakespeare staysI've recently finished Hamlet and King Lear and rated them 5 stars for I truly considered them nothing short of amazing plays but I confess so much has been written about them not only in amazing reviews but also in other literary classics that I'm not sure I have much to add Plus while I enjoy writing my usual ramblings about books I just finished I try to keep this exercise as natural as possible and avoid turning it into a mandatory thing my feelings about them were not necessarily words or known words and I don't want to emulate Joyce's style by having a review filled with weenybeenyveenyteeny So I let them be aware that they might come back as ghosts to haunt me at anytime Jealousy is often only an uneasy need to be tyrannical applied to matters of loveMarcel Proust La PrisonnièreOthello however has its plot centered around one of my favorite subjects and on that I always have one or two things to say jealousy and its outcomes Ah that powerful destroying force that can conjure up hurricanes in sealed bedrooms where the wind wouldn't possibly get in otherwise That overwhelming emotion that can spontaneously generate or mutate fear anxiety and insecurity out of nothing My jealousy was born of mental images a form of self torment not based upon probabilityMarcel Proust La PrisonnièreA mind affecting virus and the powers of the mind are unlimited specially when it's running unbridled wildly on its own that's invisible a uality that makes it even dangerous Could our eyes perceive jealousy they can only see it's effects after it has taken over its victims or had it a distinct color or even a form that we could see surrounding the jealous Desdemona perhaps would've not been blindsided the way she was by Othello and Othello perhaps would've been able to escape Iago's double dealings Jealousy which wears a bandage over its eyes is not merely powerless to discover anything in the darkness that enshrouds it it is also one of those torments where the task must be incessantly repeated like that of the Danaids or of IxionMarcel Proust La PrisonnièreI've read some criticism cast upon Othello the play because of how easily he the character believes in Iago's schemes and lies Never not even for one second I could doubt the realism of Shakespeare's plot of course some of the drama is over the top but still As much as insecurity can act as an inflammatory factor for a little kid to believe he's seeing monsters when he's all alone up in his room watching different and unsettling shadows dance on his walls it can also for a person who's jealous is merely insecure make a handkerchief look like an indisputable evidence of guilt in the court of jealousy For what we suppose to be our love or our jealousy is never a single continuous and indivisible passion It is composed of an infinity of successive loves of different jealousies each of which is ephemeral although by their uninterrupted multiplicity they give us the impression of continuity the illusion of unityMarcel Proust Swann's WayHad it not been written a couple of centuries before Proust was even born I would suspect Iago read In Search of Lost Time Not only he understood how jealousy works he himself was suffering from it but he also devised a plan that would grant him his revenge by using its vigorous strengths His only downfall was not foreseeing jealousy would eventually be up against other powers as it happens constantly in life's battlesRating for yet another masterful play with great lines and for allowing me to connect his work to my favorite author 5 stars Jealousy The green ey'd monster that is what the wise Shakespeare wroteOthello loved his wife Desdemona too much so nothing could continue that fever emotions lessen over timeThe mighty general was a very capable soldier of Venice commanding respect on the battlefield he could do no wrong brave ferocious dynamic his sword deadly still life is complicated than just war though the Moor was a fish out of water in a uite different and strange culture becoming a Christian fighting for Europeans against his former friends marrying a gorgeous gentle young very sheltered naive woman their elopement crushed the spirits of her father Brabantio an influential Senator in the mighty Venetian Republic Assigned by the Duke Doge to lead in the defense of their important colony of Cyprus against the Ottoman Empire's vast invading fleet he unwisely takes his new bride Desdemona with him Luckily a boiling sea storm who's gigantic waves rise then fall pulverize the Turkish ships wrecks spewed over and under the Mediterranean Sea's floor only a few escape the carnage Othello's own greatly damaged craft somehow stays above the foaming water and limps into a safe harbor on the mountainous island a miracle Nevertheless the crisis seemingly solved but not for Othelloit has just begun for the much too trusting general has an officer honest Iago his wife Emilia is a loyal servant of Desdemona starting to whisper in his ear that all is not well in his marriage That the loving innocent appearing woman is not sohe has been betrayed by her with another man his buddy Michael Cassio the second in command in the army better looking and younger than the Moor Can this be trueDisbelief becomes belief why would the good Iago lieDesdemona his pride and salvation maybe is false The calm unfazed in bloody battle Othello becomes agitated seething in uncontrollable rage his whole body enveloped with it his one idea to seek sweet revenge only by this can he be satisfied nothing else matters yet his career will end but that is not important now he must do what his honor demands less is not acceptable for a respectable man A magnificent play that encompasses the thin line between love and hate animosity racial hatred jealousy suspicion believing in the evil not the goodness of the erratic world everything's an illusion nobody is what they seem deception engulfs allbut are these things the whole story A virtuoso work by an incomparable master The Tragedy of Othello The Moor of Venice William ShakespeareOthello is a tragedy by William Shakespeare believed to have been written in 1603 It is based on the story Un Capitano Moro A Moorish Captain by Cinthio a disciple of Boccaccio first published in 1565 The story revolves around its two central characters Othello a Moorish general in the Venetian army and his unfaithful ensign Iago Given its varied and enduring themes of racism love jealousy betrayal revenge and repentance Othello is still often performed in professional and community theater alike and has been the source for numerous operatic film and literary adaptationsتاریخ نخستین خوانش ماه ژانویه سال 1974 میلادی؛ تاریخ خوانش این نسخه ماه ژوئن سال 2012 میلادیعنوان قراردادی ات‍ل‍ل‍و؛ عنوان داستان غم انگیز اتللوی مغربی در وندیک نمایش در پنج پرده؛ نویسنده ویلیام شکسپیر ویلیم شاکسپیر؛ مترجم ابوالقاسم خان ناصرالملک؛ مشخصات نشر اصفهان، نشر اسپادنا، 1370، در 127 ص، کتاب نخستین بار در سال 1340 خورشیدی در پاریس و در سال 1364 توسط انتشارات نیما نیز منتشر شده استچاپ سوم این عنوان با ترجمه محمود اعتماد زاده ما به آذین در شرکت سهامی نشر اندیشه، در آذر ماه 1343 در 202 ص در چاپخانه بانک ملی نیز چاپ و نشر شده استاُتِلو یا «اُتِللو» یا «تراژدی اُتِلوی مغربی ونیز»، عنوان نمایش‌نامه‌ ای عاشقانه، و تراژیک اثر «ویلیام شکسپیر» است، که در بین سال‌های 1603 میلادی تا سال 1604 میلادی نگاشته شده‌ است این نمایش‌نامه براساس داستانی، به نام «کاپیتان مغربی سال 1565 م»، نوشته ی «سینسیو»، نویسنده ی ایتالیایی، نگاشته شده‌ است در این نمایش‌نامه «شکسپیر»، به مضمون خیانت در عشق، می‌پردازد در این تراژدی، اُتِللو نام دیگرش «مغربی» است، شخصیت اصلی مرد داستان، فرماندهی مغربی، در ارتش «ونیز» است، ایشان به‌ تحریک یکی از زیردستانش، به‌ نام «ایاگو»، به وفاداریِ همسر خود «دِزدِمونا»، شک می‌کند، و بی آنکه شک خود را با همسر خویش در میان بگذارد، بی‌رحمانه او را می‌کُشد اما پس از قتل، به بی‌گناهی همسر وفادارش، پی می‌بَرَد، که بسیار دیر است؛ پس دست به خودکشی می‌زند نمایشنامهٔ اتللو هنوز هم، در بسیاری از مجامع حرفه‌ ایِ تئاتر جهان، محبوبیت بسیاری دارد، و منبعی برای بسیاری از آثار اپرایی، فیلم، و اقتباس‌های ادبی شناخته می‌شود شربیانی Will you I pray demand that demi devilWhy he hath thus ensnared my soul and body Othello end of Act VWhen I was about 9 years old I put a healthy live mouse into my parents' microwave oven It was a summer day and I was all alone I had this devilish feeling inside me I knew it was wrong but I had to do it I grabbed a kitchen chair dragged it across the floor stood on it opened the door and threw the mouse in Then I hit startAt first it was no big deal The light turned on inside the mouse sniffed around and I watched from outside keen to see the first sign of distress I felt exhilarated euphoric omnipotent This living thing— this twitching whiskered beady eyed creature— its life was mine for the taking its fate mine for the makingAfter ten seconds I stopped the microwave and cracked the door The mouse seemed unfazed and crawled toward me I shut the door again and hit start another ten seconds It was just enough When I cracked the door again the mouse was visibly shaken It crawled much slower and traced a clumsy arc across the microwave floor I shut the door again and hit start Another ten seconds Then ten Then ten I never felt any hate for that mouse I wasn't seeking revenge for its past acts I didn't even draw any specific pleasure from its pain or agony Why then Why would I a young and well adjusted child of God a pillar of Cub Scout values and lover of mothers and cousins and little brothers why would I nuke this helpless rodent in the mortal chamber of parents' microwave ovenWhy Because I could that's whyAnd I believe Shakespeare's Iago would say the same thing to Othello's uestion above Why did Iago ensnare the Moor's soul Why did he devise occasion direct and execute the collapse of the man's entire world Why Because he could that's whyRodrigo Cassio Desdemona Othello mere mice in Iago's oven The fact that he can destroy them so cleverly so precisely so artistically functions as proof to him It proves the superiority of his will over theirs just as my minute mice experiment proved the superiority of a 9 year old's will over another creature's entire existenceI find little mystery in the psychology of Shakespeare's Iago His motivation is clearly all too human The real mystery of the play and the play's deepest uestion is why that is so Why do such beings like Iago like the 9 year old me like the thousandfold prison guard priest and parent who seduced by omnipotence inflicts terror and torment on a fellow living being why do such creatures existIt’s a sublime uestion asked by a sublime play Iago is evil no doubt But the kernel of his wickedness is commonplace among men Be honest If I were suddenly to place you at the almighty helm of mankind can you really be sure you wouldn’t inflict on man the kinds of calamities and catastrophes wrought by old Jehovah Overflowing with power knowledge and time could you really avoid torturing man Even if you were the only one watchingRead this play or better watch it I assure you if you're honest you will see a bit of yourself in Iago and a bit of him in you And you will be properly horrifiedDisclaimer the mouse was actually a spider Sorry for the embellishment but an arachnid didn't have the same punch as a mammal I have always admired this play as Shakespeare's most theatrical tragedy but I also feel that it often veers too close to melodrama Shaw remarked that Othello is written in the style of Italian opera and it shares with Verdi and Donizetti the same big emotions the same clear demarcation of good and evil that give Lucia and Trovatore their emotional intensity and their lack of essential seriousness too During this reading however I began to realize that Othello is much than the greatest of melodramas and that the key to appreciating its depth lies in the concept of the public mask Othello is a man who always wears a mask in public the mask of the thoroughly professional military leader who is far too noble to be moved by emotions which might cause others to be petty or untrustworthy Iago wears a similar mask the mask of the thoroughly professional military subordinate who is frank and blunt and incapable of dishonesty Othello's mask hides a snake's nest of fears fears bred from the insecurity of being a black man in an alien white society Iago's mask hides the fact that he is a sociopath motivated by jealousy and rage Othello cannot see the reality of the evil beneath a mask that in some ways is similar to his own and instead misinterprets each frank gesture of his devoted wife as proof of the diabolical mask of an accomplished adulteress This is Othello's fatal error and Desdemona and Othello himself pay dearly for it “The trust the office I do hold of youNot only take away but let your sentenceEven fall upon my life” Act I Scene 3This is the Othello the reader meets at the beginning of this tragedy The Renaissance ideal an archetypal hero sure of himself valiant and honorable in complete self control when falsely accused of forcing fair Desdemona the daughter of a nobleman to marry him When confronted by the Duke his defense plea shines with splendid poetry calm dignity and the voice of reason charming everybody who listens to his refined solilouyBut Othello is also a black African known as The Moor a General in the Venetian Army and a Christian He is the epitome of many stereotypical paradoxes that coexist in him that somehow anticipate disaster for there are evil forces that lure the gullible man to give way to the savage instincts of his double natureIronically Othello’s word is taken at face value in Act I no sentence is imposed on him and his life is spared but his vows become darkly prophetic when he doesn’t grant innocent Desdemona the same just treatment in the brutal Act V “O perjured woman Thou dost stone my heartAnd mak’st me call what I intend to doA murder which I thought a sacrifice” Act V Scene 2This is the other Othello the barbarous beast that possesses the man and transforms him into a “civil monster” into his opposite image the good Christian “turning Turk” the “forked animal” who blinded by rage and jealousy kills his wife Desdemona believing she has been unfaithful to him with lieutenant CassioAt the root of such violent development there is the malignant Iago the most villain of villains whose whole “raison d’être” is wickedness Never a character was so duplicitous in his machinations his “direct and honest” glib moralizing so overtly treacherous and his misanthropy so sublimely revealed in the perpetual flow of verbal splendor that blooms in his lines where there is place for rhymed oaths sexual puns and degrading animal imagery “To show the love and duty that I bear youWith franker spirit Therefore as I am boundReceive it from me I speak not yet of proofLook to your wife; observe her well with Cassio” Act III Scene 3“Love and duty” are at odds and radically confronted in this strangely powerful yet moving tragedy One can locate them between father and daughter husband and wife General and official But as it’s usual in Shakespeare’s plays the dramaturge’s main intention remains elusive for beyond the Christian myth of the temptation scene and the ploys of the devil that influenced centuries of sermons legends and fables beyond the crime of passion there is a pattern of interacting opposites; black vs white Christian vs Pagan civilized vs dehumanized honest vs two faced; that denotes a superb psychological realism which echoes with racial prejudice and the ineuality in gender relations Making virtuous use of symbols an allegoric storm that separates Othello and Desdemona at sea anticipating Iago’s “foul ad violent” designs or the macabre incantation of Emilia’s summoning of the General “My Lord my lord” when she enters the bedchamber where Desdemona has just pleaded for her life screaming “O Lord Lord Lord” before being mercilessly smothered to death Shakespeare’s language mesmerizes with stylistic brilliance intricate syntax and inner rhythms It is this sumptuous style which oscillates between majestic control and wild rage that reflects Othello’s double nature and his tormented love for noble hearted Desdemona giving imaginative veracity to the action that won’t fail to moisten the eyes of the most detached of audiences when the fallen hero consumed by “pure grief” seals his own fate with anguished lines that will pierce through the heart of anyone whose love has topped extremity enough to temporally madden the most lucid of minds Words never felt unjust and sublime than in Shakespeare's tragedies “Cold cold my girlEven like thy chastityO cursed cursed slave Whip me ye devilsFrom the possession of this heavenly sightBlow me about in winds Roast me in sulphurWash me in steep down gulf of liuid fireO Desdemon Dead Desdemon Dead O O”

About the Author: William Shakespeare

William Shakespeare baptised 26 April 1564 was an English poet and playwright widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's pre eminent dramatist He is often called England's national poet and the Bard of Avon or simply The Bard His surviving works consist of 38 plays 154 sonnets two long narrative poems and several other poems His plays have been tr

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